Speed dating adelaide over 40
Government proclamations, concerning royal ceremonies, laws, taxes, public health, criminals, have been dubbed news since ancient times.Humans exhibit a nearly universal desire to learn and share news, which they satisfy by talking to each other and sharing information.
These criers were sent to read official announcements in marketplaces, highways, and other well-traveled places, sometimes issuing commands and penalties for disobedience.These can have ranged from smoke and fire signals to advanced systems using semaphore codes and telescopes.The world's first written news may have originated in eighth century B. China, where reports gathered by officials were eventually compiled as the Spring and Autumn Annals.The spread of news has always been linked to the communications networks in place to disseminate it.Thus, political, religious, and commercial interests have historically controlled, expanded, and monitored communications channels by which news could spread.The English word "news" developed in the 14th century as a special use of the plural form of "new".
In Middle English, the equivalent word was newes, like the French nouvelles and the German neues.
In thirteenth-century Florence, criers known as banditori arrived in the market regularly, to announce political news, to convoke public meetings, and to call the populace to arms.
In 13–1325, laws were established governing their appointment, conduct, and salary.
Perception of these values has changed greatly over time as sensationalized 'tabloid journalism' has risen in popularity.
Michael Schudson has argued that, before the era of World War I and the concommitant rise of propaganda, journalists were not aware of the concept of bias in reporting, let alone actively correcting for it.
These were carved in metal or stone and posted in public places.